Stephen Tait

Corrosion failures may be very costly…

July 1, 2024

Hello everyone. In previous editions of Corrosion Corner, I’ve discussed the cost of in-market corrosion failures. These are package corrosion failures that occur with an existing or derivative commercial product. In this issue’s column, I’m going to refine the prior discussions on in-market failures and add in-development failures from package corrosion observed during new/derivative product […]

Does water cause spray package corrosion?

June 1, 2024

Hello, everyone. Which chemical most often contributes to or causes spray package material corrosion? Water! Water can be in a formula, either as an ingredient or as a contaminant. There are four reasons why I am so quick to implicate water as the most frequent contributor to or cause of spray package corrosion. First: Water […]

Spray package material defects, Part 3

May 1, 2024

Hello, everyone. In March, we covered defects in polymer and tinplate coatings and their relationship with corrosion. The April column covered defects in laminated film bags, along with those found in traditional steel aerosol containers. Most of the material defects in spray packages are very small, but can still be seen with the unaided eye. […]

Spray package material defects—Part 2

April 1, 2024

Hello, everyone. In the last issue, I began a series on material defects in spray packaging and the relationship between these defects and corrosion. This month, I’ll discuss the more common material defects found in laminated foil bag packages—bag-on-valve (BOV) packaging—as well as both coated and uncoated steel aerosol containers. The final, Part Three discussion […]

Spray package material defects: Part 1

March 1, 2024

Hello, everyone. There is no such thing as defect-free spray package materials. There are always potential concerns as to whether or not defects will contribute to, or cause, spray package corrosion and if corrosion at the point of defect will cause spray packages to fail (leak). This issue starts a three-part discussion on material defects […]

Why storage tests fail to predict actual corrosion

February 1, 2024

Hello, everyone. Static storage testing—also known as storage stability testing (both SST)—is the oldest form of corrosion testing for spray packaging. The goal of an SST is to ensure that products are safe to use, provide the expected efficacy and do not leak during the time consumers use the product. Package failures in the market, […]

A perspective on spray package corrosion

January 1, 2024

Happy New Year, everyone! In the August 2023 edition of Corrosion Corner, I discussed how corrosion failures are very expensive. These occur when packages leak, do not completely exhaust when spraying or when product is discolored or has a malodor because of package corrosion. The cost of spray package corrosion could include: • Corrosion testing […]

Spray package corrosion barriers

December 1, 2023

Part 3 Hello, everyone. This month, we’ll complete the three-part series begun in (part 1, October), (part 2, November) with a discussion on how coating glass transition temperature (Tg) changes when formula ingredients permeate coatings, as well as how higher storage test temperatures can produce misleading corrosion test results. Coatings have physical properties, such as […]

Spray package corrosion barriers-Part 2

November 1, 2023

Hello, everyone. In the last issue, we began a three-part series (Part 1) with a discussion on how the complex composition of metal surfaces causes coating pores and voids and how they allow formula ingredients to absorb into and through coatings. Epoxy, Micoflex, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and bi-layer nylon-polypropylene laminate films are typically used as […]

Spray package corrosion barriers–Part 1

October 1, 2023

Hello, everyone. It’s commonly believed that a barrier is needed between a spray package’s base metal/metal foil and a formula to prevent corrosion of the metal/metal foil packaging. It’s also commonly believed that coatings and laminate films are these barriers. I’ll refer to both coatings and laminate films as “coatings.” Coatings do not always prevent […]